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April 2010 Catalogue

Black Oaks Center
April 2010 Catalogue I

 

For your growing pleasure this year, we have three special categories of seeds from which you may choose: the brassicas, the rainbow carrots and salad fixin's (which include the carrots.) 

Before you can see the catalog, though, you will have to register as a guest.  It will only take a moment.  Please do so here - http://www.healthyfoodhub.org/page/guest_registration

Once you are registered as a guest, you can click on the title heading to access the catalog for that particular section or click here for the whole enchilada!

BRASSICAS

Broccoli, brussel sprouts, bok choy, broccoflower, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, turnips, mustards, rapini, and rutabagas are  all in the brassica family also known as cruciferous vegetables.  These plant relatives are on the top of the list when it comes to phytonutrients.  3,3 indolylmethane is antiviral, anti-bacterial and anti-cancerous.  Sulforaphane has antioxidant, anti-microbial and anti-diabetic properties.  Research has shown that women who indulge in this family of vegetables lower their risk of breast cancer.  Indole –3-carbinol found in this family  dismantles carcinogenic estrogens to inhibit cervical and uterine cancer.  These vegetables are protective from colon, rectal and lung cancer.  High in vitamin C, vitamin E, folates, selenium and quercitin.  The flavinoids in cole crops prevent inflammation and platlet  aggregation to reduce heart attacks and stroke risks.

Cruciferous vegetables are cold hardy and can go directly into the soil in spring.  Seeds will germinate as low as 50 degrees.  Place 2 to 4 seeds in fertile, calcium rich soil at 1/2 inch deep.  Space rows  18-24 inches apart.    

Geraniums, dill, alliums (onions, shallots, garlic, etc), rosemary, nasturtium, borage help to protect this family.  Plant  mustards, nightshades tomatoes, peppers away from other brassicas.

RAINBOW CARROTS

Carrots do best in being put directly in full to partial sun in organic, well drained, loamy soil that is at a pH of 6.0 to 6.5, free of rocks and sticks in early spring.  Carrots don’t like a lot of nitrogen and need potassium.  Seeds should be placed ¼ to ½ inches deep.  

Rows should be 12-15 inches apart.  Because the seeds are so tiny, broadcasting is another technique with the clear understanding that thinning may need to occur.    After planting, cover with mulch made of straw or wood to keep moist and reduce weeds.  Optimal germinating temperatures are 55-75 degrees.  Can do succession planting on into mid summer resuming in the early fall.  

This biennial loves water so soak the soil well.  Sandy soils may require more watering.  When the 1st sprout appears, mulch even more to keep the moisture in and weeds out.  Carrots will be the sweetest in the cold of the fall and early winter if mulched well enough.  

Carrots like to be accompanied by other salad fixings such as lettuce, and allium family (onions, chives, shallots, garlic).  Aromatics like rosemary and sage help to ward off carrot flies.   Carrots can be grown in containers.

SALAD FIXIN'S

If you are wanting to eat fresh local food this spring, most of these seed salad fixin’s will allow you to get lots of nutrition packed greens with trimmings in 2 months or less!  Categories within include (remember you can click on the title to access the page):

With Sweet Peas and Radishes

Onions and Leeks

With Edible Flowers

On a Bed of Greens - 

A variety of lettuces and baby greens have taken us far away from  bland, nutrition poor salads of old.  A  rich diversity of colors and flavors make any salad a delicious, nutrition packed come back.  Lettuces love cool weather and are easy to bolt in the heat of the summer.  Constant cuttings and keeping it in a partial shade, cool place in the garden may allow for healthy live eating we depend on during hot summer days.  In addition, baby greens make great container or window boxes for easy kitchen access.

Plant ¼ to ½ inch deep in fertile soil.  Baby greens need moisture and lots of nutrients close to the surface.  Sow the seeds closer than usual.  Baby greens will not reach maturity due to constant cutting so seeds can be sewn as close as ¼ inch apart from each other. Plant lettuces that are to reach maturity in separate rows from baby lettuce mixes,  Space rows 18 to 24 inches away from one another. Harvest time is when the greens have grown an 1 inch or more.  

Cut with sharp scissors steer clear the stem so more can grow in a matter of days.  Allow 1 square foot of dense baby greens for 1 large bowl of salad.  If eating a salad a day, plan for 1 square foot per day to rotate cuttings.    Spinach, beet greens, chard and head lettuces, hand pick outer leaves for the central core to keep producing more leaves.  Baby greens like it moist and cool.  Water and harvest in the morning before the sun is high.

 


 

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